LDAP Configuration


Everyone who can spell SharePoint

o            What is Sharepoint?

 

Sharepoint is the portal. It is developed by Microsoft. This is used to create Content Management System web sites. We can develop individual sites, team sites and enterprise portals.

 

o            What is the difference between Sharepoint Portal Server and Windows Sharepoint Services?

 

Sharepoint Portal Server features are very high. Search portal and navigations are most important features of the Sharepoint Portal Server.

 

Windows Sharepoint Services are used to create CMS Web sites and blogs, Forums and document sharing Libraries.

 

o            What is a document library?

 

To share a document that referenced in news, articles published site.

 

o            What is a meeting workspace?

 

Meeting workspace is used to store information about particular organization employees work related tasks meetings (related information). And also place the minutes of the meeting and each person task details.

 

o            What is a document workspace?

 

To share a document with others, we create a document workspace site. We can easily share documents and some other files. We can give each and every file permissions.

 

o            What is a web part?

WSS 3.0 has a new infrastructure called Web Part. The WSS Web part classes are derived from ASP.Net Web Part Class. It is supported by Widows Sharepoint Services 3.0. We can also create connectable web parts. The connectable web part is connected to any other related web part. These two connected web parts are has some programs.

Mid-level SharePoint Consultant

o            What is the difference between a document library and a form library?

 

Document Library has documents and content, which gets stored in the Sharepoint content database.

Form Library has an Info path XML forms. When submitting with InfoPath Form Services, the submitted data is generated as XML which refers the original form template .XSN. The XML files are stored in Document Library.

 

o            What is a web part zone?

 

Web Parts are displayed by using Web Part Zone. The WebPartZone class derived from WebZone and WebPartZoneBase classes. A Web Part zone is a WebPart container that can be configured to control the organization and format of the Web Parts contained in it.

 

o            How is security managed in SharePoint?

 

Sharepoint using three types of user authentications. There are Windows, Form and Single Sign On.

Security Socket Layer (SSL) is also used for authentication in Sharepoint. Authorization, Authentication and Impersonation these are configured by config file.

 

o            How are web parts developed?

 

WebParts developed by using Visual Studio .Net 2005. It offers many Sharepoint templates like Site Definition, Web Part etc. And also using Widows Class Library.

 

o            What is a site definition?

 

A Site Definition is a group of files that used to define a unique type of Sharepoint Site. Example, one site definition defines the Team Site, Blank Site, and Document Workspace templates, and another site definition defines the Basic Meeting Workspace, Blank Meeting Workspace, Decision Meeting Workspace, Social Meeting Workspace, and Multipage Meeting Workspace templates.

 

o            What is a template?

 

Templates are built-in solutions for applications, business portals, Design and Look & Feel. Sharepoint has a some pre-build templates. The templates are customizing and deploying in to the server.

 

o            How do you install web parts?

 

  1. Open the Command prompt in Visual studio .Net.
  2. Find the path for you developed web part dll file path.
  3. Type the command gacutil /I  dll name, then press enter.
  4. Reset the IIS using iisreset command.
  5. Open the Folder “C:\Inetpub\wwwroot\” Open the web.config file. Copy the SafeControl for your installed web Part. And Open your web site config file, paste here the SafeControl tag.
  6. Open your web site. Go to Site Actions > Site Settings > Site collection Features. Now find and activate your installed web Part.
  7. Next, go to site settings> Web Parts here click the “New” link. Here find your installed Web Part and select. Then press “Pop up Gallery” button.
  8. Now you can add web part any page in this site.

  

 

o            What is the difference between a site and a web?

 

Site is defined as Website. It has many subsites.

Web is a single subsite of the Site.

 

o            What are the differences between web part page gallery, site gallery, virtual server gallery and online gallery?

 

1. Web Part Gallery has a many WebParts.

2. Site Gallery has a many site galleries. For example. Shared Document, Calendar, Announcement, Lists, Tasks, Team Discussion.

3. Virtual Server Gallery has developer developed web parts are stored in a particular server.

 

o            What is the GAC?

 

GAC is Global Assembly Cache. Each computer where the CLR installed has a machine code is called GAC. It stores assemblies. We can use GAC to install the web parts in Sharepoint application.

 

o            What is a DWP?

 

DWP means Dashboard Web Part. The DWP files are importing to the Sharepoint Site after we used.

 

o            What is CAML?

 

CAML is Collaborative Application Markup Language. It is the XML based language. That is used to build a customize web site based on Sharepoint services. It is used to get a list values, particular data in a list.

 

o            What are themes?

 

A theme is a collection of CSS and Graphics. That are modifying / customizing how a web site looks you want.

A Basic web site needs a graphical look and feel. Sharepoint has a some built-in themes. We can create new themes is possible for Sharepoint site.

 

o            What is presence?

Groove features include presence information, chat, application sharing, file sharing, contacts, messaging, project management, data sharing, and content synchronization.

  

o            Can web parts be connected? If so, how?

Yes. Two web parts has sharing information in a runtime. We use the Connection Interfaces to create Connectable Web parts.

 

o            What is a personal view and what is a shared view?

 

A Web Part page view has two views. There are Personal view and Shared View.

 

Personal View: This view is set by each user. For example, one user has changed the list in some format. The changes will not see the other users.

 

Shared View: This view web part designs and any thing is not changed by users. Users will not be changed these types of web parts. The site admin can change the web part view and anything

 

o            What is an STP file?

 

STP means Site Template. We can create new site definition. This definition has webparts and list (there are derived from default Sharepoint components). We can save the file for .stp format.

 

o            What is an FWP file?

 

FWP file is nothing a backup file for Sharepoint site. We can restore and backup the Sharepoint site.

 

o            Can you upload MP3’s to SharePoint?

 

Yes. (http://manish-sharepoint.blogspot.com/2008/06/playing-audiovideo-files-within.html)

 

o            how does SharePoint support MS Outlook integration?

 

We can use some features from OutLook in Sharepoint, ex. Calendar and contacts

 

o            How can you extend lists in SharePoint?

 

We expand the size of the lists. Click Start, point to All Programs, point to Administrative Tools, and then click SharePoint Central Administration.

 

  

  

o            Explain the document versioning in SharePoint document libraries

 

We can maintain version in all Sharepoint libraries and lists.  When we upload or update any document, while Sharepoint creates version.

 

Senior SharePoint Consultant

o            Where is web part resources contained?

 

The WebPart resources can not part of the DLL, because there are used in url based. Like images, jscript files. The WebPart is installed in GAC and Bin directory.

 

o            What are the different installation methods for deploying web parts? And what are the pros/cons?

 

  • We use GAC
  • We develop web part in Windows Class Library. While the web part once runs, it will install automatically in GAC.

 

o            What is a ghosted/unghosted page?

 

A Ghosted Page is modified by Sharepoint Designer. Example, Master page.

An Unghosted Page is not modified by Sharepoint Designer. Example, forum pages, calendar lists etc

 

It has another one page there is “Reghosted” it means by Reset to Site Definition

 

o            How is site data stored?

 

In Database.

 

o            Where is metadata for a web stored?

 

Meta Data is stored inside XML files on the server or SQL Server database.

 

o            What is an audience and describe the use?

 

 

The primary audience for this clinic is the IT Professional who generally works with both Windows and Office technologies. The types of duties that are typical of this IT Professional are administrative and support duties such as planning and deployment of Office server products in a Microsoft Windows environment, configuration and security administration, and updates of Office upgrades and patches. The target audience for this clinic is IT Professionals that want an overview of what Microsoft Office SharePoint Server 2007 is, and how to deploy it.

 

o            What are the trust levels and what is the default trust associated with Sharepoint?

 

The Sharepoint Trust Levels has Security and user interaction with the site. 3 types. There are WSS_FULL, WSS_MEDIUM, WSS_MINIMUM.

 

 

o            What are the two logging mechanisms for usage statistics?

  • All default log files are stored in \%windir%\system32\LogFiles\STS this path.
  • Virtual server Folder. It’s like a cache.

 

o            What functionality does owssup.dll provide for client side activities?

 

The owssup.dll is used to create Single Sign On in Sharepoint Portal Server.

 

o            What is the difference between a site owner and a site administrator?

 

Site Owner has only individual site and sub sites access only.

Site Administrator access all site and Central Administration

 

o            What is STSAdm and what can it be used for?

 

It is used to create/manage sites, lists, web parts etc..

 

o            Can WSS search subsites?

 

The Subsite has a unique permission of the parent site, we can search subsite content. Until we can’t search Subsite Content.

 

o            Can you register alerts for users?

 

No, the admin can give some permission.

 

o            Are PDFs searchable?

 

Yes, but default is now. We can use IFILTER type functionality do this moment.

 

SharePoint Architect

o            What is a SharePoint farm?

 

It is a deployment scenario, we have two are more server to host Sharepoint. It is 3 types.

1. Small Server, 2. Medium Server, 3. Large Farm.

 

o            Describe a large deployment

 

2 Sharepoint servers 2 SQL Server 1 Search Server 1 Clustering Server. It is called large deployment.

 

o            How can you synchronize custom Active Directory attributes to SharePoint?

 

Profile Importer from Shared Services Provider.

 

o            If it is anticipated that our organization would need to store 1 terabyte of documents, what is the recommended configuration and storage requirement?

 

It is based on your users count.

 

o            Describe the implementation of SharePoint and Project Server

 

We can use Project server web parts inside Sharepoint portal server and also create dashboards on Sharepoint pages and can also create custom WebParts using PDC and .Net.

 

o            What are the BKMs for workflow and SharePoint?

                                                   

o            Explain how you would deploy SharePoint on an extranet

 

Usually servers that are accessible from external sources are housed in DMZ’s. Depending on the requirements and the workflow for publishing content you could go with Multiple Servers hosting the same information. One server would reside inside with the SQL Cluster while the external server resides in the DMZ simply calling data. Security would be handled by the same or different active directory domain clusters as well increasing security.

 

o            What is the BKM for maximum number of virtual servers configured for SharePoint on a single box?

 

15 Virtual servers.

 

o            What are the migration strategies for moving sites around?

 

You could use the Sharepoint Portal Server backup and restore tool as well as the STSADMIN and GUI STSAMIN tools. We have migrated database from the SQL Level and have simply reconnected the front end.

 

o     What are the archiving strategies?

 

o     Describe the search strategies?          Enterprise search tools help organizations (including small and mid-size businesses—not just enterprises) find information in text documents and other unstructured data stored in a variety of sources. In general, enterprise search tools can be used to search internal data sources (such as intranets, messaging systems, file shares, databases, and local hard drives) and Web sites (public or controlled-access), but many solutions are focused on only one of the two scenarios.

Enterprise search is similar to Internet search, which is supported by the public Google Web site, MSN Search, and other providers. In both types of search, material must be aggregated from a wide variety of locations, users must have an interface to create queries and review results, and results should be arranged in some kind of order (e.g., hits that are most relevant to the query appear at the top of the list).

One critical difference between enterprise and Internet search tools is the scope of material aggregated. Internet search tools attempt to catalog as many public sources as possible but make little effort to catalog material stored behind firewalls, in databases, or on controlled-access Web sites. Enterprise search tools don’t need to catalog as many sources of data but must aggregate more types of data and provide access control, so that sensitive information is unavailable to unauthorized viewers.

In addition, algorithms that work well on Internet search may not work as well for enterprise search—for instance, Google’s PageRank system, which rates relevance partly based on how many other Web pages link to a particular page, is not as effective in a corporate environment where hyperlinking among resources is less common. As a consequence, enterprise search tools use algorithms different from Internet search tools.

In addition, enterprise search tools generally let the data owner exercise some programmable control over the results, such as the following:

  • Creating multiple data catalogs and letting the user specify which to search
  • Manually selecting or influencing search results (e.g., selecting particular sources to appear at the top of the list for particular queries; tweaking the algorithms used to determine relevance)
  • Enabling attributes (e.g., date, author) to be assigned to content sources in a systematic way so that searches can consider these attributes and arrange results accordingly.

Today, dozens of enterprise search tools are available, from free open-source tools that perform a single function (usually public Web site search) to costly installations from companies such as Autonomy and Verity. IBM and Oracle offer intranet search as part of larger solutions incorporating data storage, and a growing number of companies are offering software (Fast Search and Transfer, MondoSoft) or hosted services (Atomz) specifically for Web site search. Finally, although Google is best known for Internet search, it also offers search appliances ranging in price from US$5,000 to US$250,000 or more that can be used for both intranet and Web site search.

 

o     Can you implement forms-based authentication with SharePoint?

 

Yes. We can implement forms-based authentication with SharePoint.

 

o    Describe how single sign-on works

   Easily maintain Role and group users’ information in one place.

 

 

 

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This article was written when Windows Server 2008 was still RC1. Changes might occur later once the product is RTM’d

In a previous article, Setting Up Your First Domain Controller With Windows Server 2008, we have setup a domain controller through executing the dcpromo command and then going through the The Active Directory Domain Services Installation Wizard. At the end of the wizard and on the Summary page of the Active Directory Domain Services Installation Wizard, you can click Export settings to save the settings that you specified in the wizard to an answer file. You can then use the answer file to automate subsequent installations of Active Directory Domain Services (AD DS).

The answer file is a plain text file with a [DCInstall] header. The answer file provides answers to the questions that are asked by the Active Directory Domain Services Installation Wizard. Using the answer file eliminates the need for an administrator to interact with the wizard. The Active Directory Domain Services Installation Wizard adds text to the answer file that explains how to use it, such as how to invoke it with the dcpromo command and which settings must be updated to use it.

To use an answer file to install AD DS, type the following command at a command prompt, and then press ENTER:

 

dcpromo /answer [: filename ]

or dcpromo /unattend [: filename ]

 

 

The answer file to set up a new forest would look like this :

; DCPROMO unattended file
; Usage:
; dcpromo.exe /unattend:C:\answer_file.txt
; or dcpromo.exe /answer:\answer_file.txt
;
[DCInstall]
; New forest promotion
ReplicaOrNewDomain=Domain
NewDomain=Forest                     
NewDomainDNSName=elmajdal.net
ForestLevel=3
DomainNetbiosName=ELMAJDAL
DomainLevel=3
InstallDNS=Yes
ConfirmGc=Yes
CreateDNSDelegation=No
DatabasePath=”C:\Windows\NTDS”
LogPath=”C:\Windows\NTDS”
SYSVOLPath=”C:\Windows\SYSVOL”
; Set SafeModeAdminPassword to the correct value prior to using the unattend file
SafeModeAdminPassword=MyPassword23$
; Run-time flags (optional)
; RebootOnCompletion=Yes

Download it from here , and make sure that you adjust it to the configurations that you need.
for example:

  •  

 

  • NewDomainDNSName=elmajdal.net , make sure that you replace elmajdal.net with the domain name you want.

  • ForestLevel=3 , This mean the Forest Functional Level will be set to Windows Server 2008, if you want to set it for Windows Server 2003, then set it to 2, whereas Windows 2000 Serve level is = 1

  • DomainNetbiosName=ELMAJDAL , this is the NETBIOS name of my domain elmajdal.net , replace it with your Domain name NETBIOS name

  • DomainLevel=3, this means the Domain Functional Level will be set to Windows Server 2008, if you want to set it for Windows Server 2003, then set it to 2, whereas Windows 2000 Serve level is = 1

  • InstallDNS=Yes, DNS Service will be installed on your DC, if you do not wish to setup you DC as a DNS Server as well, then set it to NO

  • DatabasePath=”C:\Windows\NTDS”
    LogPath=”C:\Windows\NTDS”
    SYSVOLPath=”C:\Windows\SYSVOL”

    Either change the path where each of the above will be stored or keep them as they are by default.

  • SafeModeAdminPassword=MyPassword23$, the password meet the password complexity requirements of the password policy, that is a password that contains a combination of uppercase and lowercase letters, numbers, and symbols

 Now that you have customized the answer file, lets run it and enjoy a cop of coffee while the server is being setup to be our first Domain Controller

    1. Run the answer file , I have saved the answer file inside the C: drive, so i will run it using : dcpromo.exe /unattend:C:\answer_file.txt

       

    2. The installation of AD DS will start with first checking if Active Directory Domain Services binaries are installed

       

    3. The system will start checking if Active Directory Domain Services (AD DS) binaries are installed, then will start installing them. The binaries could be installed if you had run the dcpromo command previously and then canceled the operation after the binaries were installed.

       

    4. Validating environment and parameters ..
    5. DNS Installation will start as we have the

    InstallDNS=Yes

    in the answer file

     

  1. When the DNS Server service installation is completed, the system will check if Group Policy Management Console (GMPC) is installed or not, then will start installing it if it was not found to be installed previously
  2. Creating the SYSVOL folder, configuring the local computer to host Active Directory Domain Service by creating the directory partition

     

  3. Then will start creating AD objects, and then Completing AD installation
  4. Few services will be configured, and security configurations as well

  5. Once the setup is completed, the server will automatically reboot (RebootOnCompletion=Yes )

  

Summary

Performing an unattended installation using an answer file is easy and can be performed without any user interaction, using the answer file eliminates the need for an administrator to interact with the wizard, and can be used to automate subsequent installations of Active Directory Domain Services.

 

To set up an Additional Domain Controller, I will use the dcpromo.exe command.

  1. To use the command, click on Start   > Run > and then write dcpromo > Click OK

  2. The system will start checking if Active Directory Domain Services ( AD DS) binaries are installed, then will start installing them. The binaries could be installed if you had run the dcpromo command previously and then canceled the operation after the binaries were installed.

                            

  3. The Active Directory Domain Services Installation Wizard will start, either enable the checkbox beside Use Advanced mode installation and Click Next , or keep it unselected and click on Next


    The following table lists the additional wizard pages that appear for each deployment configuration when you select the Use advanced mode installation check box.

    Deployment configuration

    Advanced mode installation wizard pages

    New forest

    Domain NetBIOS name

    New domain in an existing forest

    On the Choose a Deployment Configuration page, the option to create a new domain tree appears only in advanced mode installation.

    Domain NetBIOS name

    Source Domain Controller

    Additional domain controller in an existing domain

    Install from Media

    Source Domain Controller

    Specify Password Replication Policy (for RODC installation only)

    Create an account for a read-only domain controller (RODC) installation

    Specify Password Replication Policy

    Attach a server to an account for an RODC installation

    Install from Media

    Source Domain Controller


  4. The Operating System Compatibility page will be displayed, take a moment to read it and click Next

  5. On the Choose a Deployment Configuration page, click Existing forest, click Add a domain controller to an existing domain, and then click Next.

  6. On the Network Credentials page, type your domain name, my domain name is elmajdal.net ( was set in the previous article ) , so I will type elmajdal.net.

  7. To set up an Additional Domain Controller, you will need an account that must be either a member of the Enterprise Admins group or the Domain Admins group. We have two options:
  • My Current logged on credentials ( DomainName\Username or MachineName\Username)
  • Alternate credentials

  • If you have previously joined this server to the domain and you are currently logged in to it with an Enterprise Admin/Domain Admin user, then you can use the first option (My current logged on credentials) . As you can see this option is grayed here, and the reason for this is below it. It is because I’m currently logged in with a local user, the machine is not a domain member. I’m left out with the second option: Alternate credentials
  1. To enter the Alternate credentials, click Set. In the Windows Security dialog box, enter the user name and password for an account that must be either a member of the Enterprise Admins group or the Domain Admins group > then click Next.

    If you have entered a wrong username/password , you will receive the following error message

  2. On the Select a Domain page, select the domain of the Additional Domain Controller, and then click Next, as I already have only one domain, then it will be selected by default.

  3. On the Select a Site page, either enable the checkbox beside Use the site that corresponds to the IP address of this computer, this will install the domain controller in the site that corresponds to its IP address, or select a site from the list and then click Next. If you only have one domain controller and one site, then you will have the first option grayed and the site will be selected by default as shown in the following image

  4. On the

    Additional Domain Controller Options page, By default, the DNS Server and Global Catalog checkboxes are selected. You can also select your additional domain controller to be a Read-only Domain Controller (RODC) by selecting the checkbox beside it.

    My primary domain controller is a DNS Server is well, and this can be verified by reading the additional information written in the below image, that there is currently 1 DNS server that is registered as an authoritative name server for this domain. I do want my Additional DC to be a DNS server and a Global catalog, so I will keep the checkboxes selected. Click Next


  5. If you select the option to install DNS server in the previous step, then you will receive a message that indicates a DNS delegation for the DNS server could not be created and that you should manually create a DNS delegation to the DNS server to ensure reliable name resolution. If you are installing an additional domain controller in either the forest root domain (or a tree root domain) , you do not need to create the DNS delegation. In this case, you can safely ignore the message and click Yes.


  6. In the Install from Media page ( will be displayed if you have selected Use advanced mode installation on the Welcome page, if you didn’t select it, then skip to step # 15), you can choose to either replicate data over the network from an existing domain controller, or specify the location of installation media to be used to create the domain controller and configure AD DS. I want to replicate data over the network, so I will choose the first option > click Next


  7. On the Source Domain Controller page of the Active Directory Domain Services Installation Wizard, you can select which domain controller will be used as a source for data that must be replicated during installation, or you can have the wizard select which domain controller will be used as the source for this data. You have two options :

  8.  

      • Let the wizard choose an appropriate domain controller

      • Use this specific domain controller

        If you want to choose from the list, any domain controller can be the installation partner. However, the following restrictions apply to the domain controllers that can be used as an installation partner in other situations:

        • A read-only domain controller (RODC) can never be an installation partner.
        • If you are installing an RODC, only a writable domain controller that runs Windows Server 2008 can be an installation partner.
        • If you are installing an additional domain controller for an existing domain, only a domain controller for that domain can be an installation partner.

      1. Now you will have to specify the location where the domain controller database, log files and SYSVOL are stored on the server.
        The database stores information about the users, computers and other objects on the network. the log files record activities that are related to AD DS, such information about an object being updated. SYSVOL stores Group Policy objects and scripts. By default, SYSVOL is part of the operating system files in the Windows directory

        Either type or browse to the volume and folder where you want to store each, or accept the defaults and click on Next

      Note : Windows Server Backup backs up the directory service by volume. For backup and recovery efficiency, store these files on separate volumes that do not contain applications or other nondirectory files.

    1. In the Directory Services Restore Mode Administrator Password (DSRM) page, write a password and confirm it. This password is used when the domain controller is started in Directory Services Restore Mode, which might be because Active Directory Domain Services is not running, or for tasks that must be performed offline.

      Make sure the password meet the password complexity requirements of the password policy, that is a password that contains a combination of uppercase and lowercase letters, numbers, and symbols. else you will receive the following message  :

    2. Summary page will be displayed showing you all the setting that you have set . It gives you the option to export the setting you have setup into an answer file for use to automate subsequent AD DS operations, if you wish to have such file, click on the Export settings button and save the file. Then click Next to begin AD DS installation

    3. Active Directory Domain Services installation will be completed, click Finish, then click on Restart Now to restart your server for the changes to take effect.

    • Open Active Directory Users & Computers, and then click on the Domain Controllers Organizational Unit, and you will see your Additional Domain Controller along with your Primary Domain Controller.



     

    Summary

    Additional domain controllers improve the performance of authentication requests and global catalog server lookups. They also help Active Directory Domain Services (AD DS) overcome hardware, software, or administrator errors. When you add a domain controller, information is replicated over the network.

    1. This article was written when Windows Server 2008 was still RC1. Changes might occur later once the product is RTM’d
      1. If you have set up a domain controller previously with Windows 2000 Server, or Windows Server 2003, then you would be familiar with the
      1. dcpromo.exe command, it will also be used to set up a Domain Controller on Windows Server 2008.To use the command, click on Start  > Run > and then write dcpromo > Click
        OK

        after the binaries were installed.

                                

         

        The following table lists the additional wizard pages that appear for each deployment configuration when you select the Use advanced mode installation check box.

        Deployment configuration

        Advanced mode installation wizard pages

        New forest

        Domain NetBIOS name

        New domain in an existing forest

        On the Choose a Deployment Configuration page, the option to create a new domain tree appears only in advanced mode installation.

        Domain NetBIOS name

        Source Domain Controller

        Additional domain controller in an existing domain

        Install from Media

        Source Domain Controller

        Specify Password Replication Policy (for RODC installation only)

        Create an account for a read-only domain controller (RODC) installation

        Specify Password Replication Policy

        Attach a server to an account for an RODC installation

        Install from Media

        Source Domain Controller

        Directory Services Restore Mode Administrator Password (DSRM) page, write a password and confirm it. This password is used when the domain controller is started in Directory Services Restore Mode, which might be because Active Directory Domain Services is not running, or for tasks that must be performed offline.
        Make sure that you memorize this password when you need it. I know many administrators forgot it when they most needed it !!

        Make sure the password meet the password complexity requirements of the password policy, that is a password that contains a combination of uppercase and lowercase letters, numbers, and symbols. else you will receive the following message  :

         

      2. The system will start checking if Active Directory Domain Services ( AD DS) binaries are installed, then will start installing them. The binaries could be installed if you had run the dcpromo command previously and then canceled the operation
      3. The Active Directory Domain Services Installation Wizard will start, either enable the checkbox beside Use Advanced mode installation and Click Next , or keep it unselected and click on Next

      4. The Operating System Compatibility page will be displayed, take a moment to read it and click Next

         

      5. Choose Create a new domain in a new forest, Click Next

         

      6. Enter the Fully Qualified Domain Name of the forest root domain inside the textbox, click Next

         

      7. If you selected Use advanced mode installation on the Welcome page, the Domain NetBIOS Name page appears. On this page, type the NetBIOS name of the domain if necessary or accept the default name and then click Next.
      8. Select the Forest Functional Level, choose the level you desire and click on Next. Make sure to read the description of each functional level to understand the difference between each one.

         

      9. In the previous step, If you have selected any Forest Functional Level other than Windows Server 2008 and clicked on Next , you would then get a page to select the Domain Functional Level. Select it and then click on Next

         

      10. In the Additional Domain Controller Options page, you can select to install the Domain Name Service  to your server. Note that the First domain controller in a forest must be a Global Catalog  that’s why the checkbox beside Global Catalog is selected and it cannot be cleared. The checkbox is also selected by default when you install an additional domain controller in an existing domain, however you can clear this checkbox if you do not want the additional domain controller to be a global catalog server. The first domain controller in a new forest or in a new domain can not be a Read Only Domain Controller (RODC), you can later add a RODC but you must have at least one Windows Server 2008 Domain Controller.I want to set my DC as a DNS Server as well, so I will keep the checkbox beside DNS Server selected and click on Next

         

      11. If the wizard cannot create a delegation for the DNS server, it displays a message to indicate that you can create the delegation manually. To continue, click Yes

         

      12. Now you will have the location where the domain controller database, log files and SYSVOL are stored on the server.
        The database stores information about the users, computers and other objects on the network. the log files record activities that are related to AD DS, such information about an object being updated. SYSVOL stores Group Policy objects and scripts. By default, SYSVOL is part of the operating system files in the Windows directoryEither type or browse to the volume and folder where you want to store each, or accept the defaults and click on Next

         

      13. In the
      14. Summary page will be displayed showing you all the setting that you have set . It gives you the option to export the setting you have setup into an answer file for use with other unattended operations, if you wish to have such file, click on the Export settings button and save the file.

         

      15. DNS Installation will start
      16. Followed by installing Group Policy Management Console, the system will check first if it is installed or not.

         

      17. Configuring the local computer to host active  directory Domain Services and other operations will take place setting up this server as a Domain Controller

         

      18. Active Directory Domain Services installation will be completed, click Finish, then click on Restart Now to restart your server for the changes to take effect.

      19. Once the server is booted and you logon to it, click on  Start > Administrative Tools ,  will notice that following have been installed :